Weather and Climate Resilience: Effective Preparedness through National Meteorological and Hydrological Services

by Dr David P Rogers, Consultant to the World Bank, President Health and Climate Foundation

Recorded at InterMet Asia, Singapore, 2 – 3 June 2014

The Importance of weather, climate and water information is rising because of the need to minimize growing economic losses, serve more elaborate societal needs, and help countries adapt to climate change. This presentation on Weather and Climate Resilience highlights recent World Bank experience and offers guidance on good practices that will help modernization efforts.

Sustainable development hinges on the ability to cope with natural hazards and avoid the ensuing disasters that often befall a poorly prepared society, National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) play a vital role as a country’s official source of warnings for weather hazards. Together with disaster managers, they play a critical part in reducing the  adverse impact of hydrometeorological threats.

We highlight the urgent need to strengthen NMHSs, especially in developing countries, and provide cost-benefit estimates of the return that countries can hope to achieve. We also recommend approaches that have been tested and implemented in Europe and Asia.

About Dr. Rogers

David is President of the Health and Climate Foundation (HCF), an international non-profit organization dedicated to finding solutions to climate related health problems and supporting partnerships between health and climate practitioners.  Prior to founding HCF, Dr. Rogers held various appointments in government, the private sector and academia. These include Chief Executive of the UK Met Office; Vice President, Science Applications International Corporation; Director of the Office of Weather and Air Quality at the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; Director of Physical Oceanography at Scripps Institution of Oceanography, and Associate Director of the California Space Institute, University of California, San Diego, USA.

Currently, Dr. Rogers is a senior advisor to the World Bank on modernizing National Meteorological and Hydrological Services.

Dr. Rogers has a Ph.D. (1983) from the University of Southampton and Bachelor of Science degree (1980) from the University of East Anglia, UK.  He has published extensively in the fields of oceanography, meteorology, climate, environment and organizational development.

WOW! Delivering a smart cloud-based weather community – The Met Office’s ‘Weather Observations Website.

by Mark McDermott FInstSMM, Regional Manager SE Asia – Oil & Gas, Met Office

Recorded at InterMet Asia, Singapore, 2 – 3 June 2014

The ‘Weather Observations Website’ (WOW) reflects recent advances in technology and how weather observations can be collected. At the same time, the growing world of social networking online makes it relatively easy for anyone to get involved and share their weather observations. The Met Office is helping to co-ordinate the growth of the weather observing community globally, by asking anyone to submit the observations they are taking. This can be done using all levels of equipment, so there are no cost restrictions. This presentation aims to showcase WOW and the utilisation of Crowdsourcing.

About Mark McDermott

Mark heads up the Met Office Oil & Gas operations in Southeast Asia and is responsible for developing and managing the commercial relationships with clients in the region. Mark previously served in the Military for a number of years and latterly moved into commercial management. Mark has been with the Met Office for just under four years joining as  an International Account Manager. Mark was promoted to the Regional Manager SE Asia in September 2013.

CSIRO Sense-T Adaptive Water Management Project

Pressuredrop interviews Dr Philip Smethurst of CSIRO. Philip is a research scientist and an expert in soil fertility, plant nutrition, hydrology and modelling. He leads the Sense-T Adaptive Water Management Project along with colleagues at the University of Tasmania (UTAS).

 

About Sense-T

Sense-T is based in Tasmania, Australia. It is building a real-time view of the state’s economy by integrating data from public and private sensors, along with historical and spatial data. It’s initially focussed on agriculture and food production, using Big Data to help make industries more efficient, productive and sustainable. Current research projects relate to viticulture, aquaculture, beef & dairy, water management and supply chains. The Sense-T Adaptive Water Management Project is based in the North East of Tasmania, involving industry bodies, individual farmers and government.

The project uses sensor and communication technologies to monitor water catchments in real-time, providing real-time data on the health of the water ways and allowing farmers to respond to short-term changes in conditions and manage water resources collectively, within the policies set by government.

Sense-T is creating a shared data resource, available to businesses, communities, researchers and government. Access to data will allow people to create web, smart phone or tablet applications that use the information to help solve everyday problems. Data can be re-used to create value in many different ways, so we don’t have to recollect data every time we have a new question to ask or problem to solve. For example, an individual sensor on a farm could be linked to others in the area and used for better use of irrigation and fertilisers, early warning on frost, or optimising harvesting decisions.

It could also be used to provide consumers at the supermarket with information on where their food has come from. Government authorities could also use information from this same sensor to monitor temperature or rainfall for weather reporting, to provide information for water catchment management, or for flood and fire alerts. Sense-T is a partnership between the UTAS, CSIRO, IBM and the Tasmanian State Government.

Useful links:

The Sense-T website >>

CSIRO: Ensuring sustainable water resource use >>

Information on Dr Smethurst >>